Faizabad: General Information

Location Located on the bank of River Ghaghra (River Saryu), in the district of the same name, U.P., India
DistancesLucknow about 130 km, Ayodhya- 8 km, Varanasi- 200 km, Allahabad- 160 km, Gorakhpur- 140 km, Delhi- 636 km
STD Code +91-5278
Ideal time to visit Throughout the year, especially during various festivals & Parikrama of Ayodhya
Languages Spoken Hindi & English
Temperature Summers- maximum 43.7°C, Winters- minimum- 22°C
Attractions Religious & Historical
Must Visit Military Temple, Guptar Ghat, Bahu Begum, Gulab Bari
Fairs & Festivals Guptar Ghat festival
Local Transport Taxi/auto rickshaw/cycle rickshaw
How to reach
Road-Faizabad is well connected by road. NH-28 passes through the city
Rail- It is a railway station on NR railway line on Mughalsarai-Lucknow route
Air- Faizabad has an airport area near Naka, but it is not functioning. Nearest Airport Amausi, Lucknow- 136 km

The foundation of Faizabad was laid down by Sadat Khan, who along with Burhan-ul-Mulk was given the charge of Awadh province by the Mughal Court. Sadat Khan developed the initial settlement on the bank of river Ghaghra along with the cantonment.

His successor Nawab Shuja-ud-daula made it the capital of Awadh after 1764 & built a fort known as Chhota Calcutta. During his reign, many localities of Faizabad were developed such as- Chowk, Anguribagh, Motibagh, Asafbagh & Bulandbagh. He converted the city into a prosperous township. Many majestic buildings like Gulab Bari, Moti Mahal & tomb of Bahu Begum, exist even today in very good condition, were built during his reign.

But after the death of Bahu Begum (Shuja-ud-daula 's wife) in 1815, the city started gradually slipping into oblivion and the process was over after the capital of Awadh was shifted from Faizabad to Lucknow. The ancient holy city of Ayodhya with many religious shrines is its twin city. In the present times it is a well developed city and still undergoing many development activities. Apart from being the headquarters of the district of the same name, it is also the commissionary headquarter. The city has a well developed cantonment and is good trading centre with well developed markets that caters the needs of a vast area. It has many important educational institutions which also includes two universities. The city also has places of tourist importance such as - Guptar Ghat, Gulab Bari, Tomb of Bahu Begum etc.